During your ski vacation, prolonged exposure to a cold environment may lead to frostbite. Frostbite is an injury caused by freezing of the skin and essential tissues. Before you go on vacation, it is important to understand this injury first.
Frostbite is common in the fingers, toes, nose, ears, cheeks, and chin. Skin exposed in cold weather is usually more susceptible to frostbite, but it can also happen on skin covered with gloves or other clothing.
What are its symptoms?
When you get frostbite, your body will have symptoms like cold skin and a feeling of tingling. Numbness; red, white, bluish-white or gray-yellow skin; hard or waxy-looking skin; and muscle stiffness
What are its causes?
One reason for frostbite is improper dressing. When you don't protect your clothes from the bitter cold or are too narrow, the chance of getting a frostbite is high.
Another reason is the long exposure to the cold environment. A low temperature of -15 ° C to -27 ° C increases the risk of frostbite in less than 30 minutes.
Finally, touch materials such as ice, cold packs, or frozen metal also cause this injury.
How can we prevent that?
First, limit your outdoor time in cold weather. It is updated with the weather forecast and wind chill readings. Exposed skin can experience frostbite within minutes during these extreme conditions.
Second, wear appropriate clothing. Most importantly, change your wet clothes (like gloves, hats and socks) as quickly as possible.
Third, be prepared. When traveling in cold weather, carry emergency supplies and warm clothing in case you are isolated. If you're in a remote area, tell others about your route and expected return date.
Fourth, stay healthy. Playing sports. Eat a balanced meal and stay hydrated. Do not drink alcohol before going outside. Alcoholic drinks cause faster body heat. If you feel cold, warm and sweet drinks such as hot chocolate will help you warm.
When this happens during your ski trip, you can take the following first aid.
First, check for hypothermia. Signs include shivering, tight speech, drowsiness, and loss of coordination. Also protect your skin for more exposure. Do not rub the affected area.
Second, stay out of the cold. Once you're inside, remove wet clothes. Gently reheat the frosty areas by soaking them in warm water (37-42 ° C) for 15 to 30 minutes. If the thermometer is not available, test the water by placing an uninfected hand. Wrap the affected area to prevent it from regenerating. If numbness or pain persists during heating, or if blisters develop, seek emergency medical attention. If you feel pain, take over-the-counter pain relievers to relieve pain and inflammation. If possible, do not walk on foot or feet. This will result in more tissue damage.
The chances of getting frostbite during your ski vacation are high, so it is important that you know these injuries. Finally, we always go back to saying "prevention is better than cure."